When slaves were brought in from Africa in great numbers in the 17th Century to work on the sugarcane plantations, soon the first of them were able to escape from the surrounding islands, mainly Guadeloupe and Martinique, to Dominica.
They were welcomed by the Kalinago people because they had a common enemy.
Called Maroons, they eventually lived in villages high up in the mountains out of reach of European raiding parties. By adapting to the Kalinago way of living from the land and their own knowledge from living in the forests of tropical Africa they could live a reasonable comfortable live with a few hundred of their people.
Colonization by the English and the founding of Portsmouth as the capital.
It lasted until the second half of the 18th Century before Dominica was finally colonized by a European nation. The English conquered part of Dominica and with a small exception stayed in power until the island became independent on November 3rd, 1978.
History is very important to remember... so our Expedition Team went to explore & learn what transpired on land in order to appreciate what happened at sea!
Before the advent/coming of the Europeans, indigenous people (later called “Indians” by the Europeans) lived on Dominica. People speaking the Arawak language came out of South America. In their tree trunk canoes they island hopped up the chain of islands in the Eastern Caribbean. After they had settled on the islands up to Puerto Rico they lead a relative peaceful existence. Many years later a “warlike” group of South American “Indians” made the same trip; they are now popularly known as “Caribs”. They conquered the Arawaks on many islands and were still at it when the Europeans came.
These were the people the Europeans met on Dominica. They called themselves Kalinago.
Over the past two days the crew made several dives off the northwest coast of Dominica near Toucari Bay. The team discovered rich habitat and saw many of the familiar deep-reef species they often encounter in Curaçao.
Today was a travel day for the RV Chapman and her crew, so no sub dives today. We cast lines off from Roseau, sailing north along the western coast, arriving safely at Portsmouth in Prince Rupert Bay, Dominica!